Engineering and Sustainability

Course ID: CIVE 240 (University of Waterloo), Offered in: Spring 2016, Enrollments: 110, Class hours: 3hr/wk

Major Topics

Introduction to Sustainability 

  • Quantifying sustainability, Sustainability Index, The IPAT Equation, Ecological Footprint, Carbon Footprint, Water Footprint
  • MDGs and SDGs, Earth carrying capacity and population growth; J-shaped (Logistic curve) and S-shaped growth concepts
  • Sustainable design; People-centered design and IDEO’s human-centered design, Triple bottom line

Life Cycle Analysis 

  • Life Cycle Thinking, Definition of Product, Functional Unit, Reference Flow
  • Importance of life cycle thinking
  • Life cycle assessment framework
  • LCA Phases: Definition of goal and scope; inventory analysis of data, impact analysis
  • Materials flow analysis techniques
  • Embodied water; Embodied energy

Transportation Sustainability

  • A big picture of transportation engineering; historical development of technologies in transportation
  • Emerging technologies for transportation sustainability
  • Transportation infrastructure and sustainability
  • Transportation theories and models – an overview
  • Utility theory and transportation mode choice
  • Urban transportation systems and the impact on environments

Built Environment

  • Definition of built environment, Importance of sustainable built environment
  • Concept: Land-use and land cover change, Development, Urban sprawl, Mix-use development
  • Zoning, regulations and importance in sustainable development, Building envelope, Setback, FAR
  • New urbanism, Smart growth, Environmentally sensitive design, Green infrastructure
  • Low impact development, Conservation design, Green building, LEED rating and certificate system
  • Strategies for building energy conservation

Climate Change

  • Climate and weather, Impacts of climate change, Causes of climate change – Greenhouse gas and effects
  • Understanding the science of climate change, Albedo, Estimating average temperature of earth
  • Climate forcings, Global warming potential (GWP), Control climate change

Sustainable Energy

  • Fundamental of energy, Different energy sources and characteristics, Role of energy on the economy
  • Analysis of local, national and global trends in energy consumption, Technical function of fossil fuel, solar, wind, hydraulic, nuclear, geothermal power systems
  • Mathematical model on sustainable energy