Sustainable Infrastructure Management

Posted Posted in Courses
Course ID: Engi 9799, Offered in: Spring, Enrollments: 20, Class hours: 3hr/wk Major Topics Introduction to Infrastructure Management Framework
  • Key issues in infrastructure management
  • Application of system methodology to infrastructure management
  • Development of IMS; Example of a physical airport-facility system
  • Overview of influence levels of IMS components
  • Introduction to Sustainability
  • Technical approaches to quantifying sustainability
  • Tenets of sustainability and relationship among major indicator categories
  • Major categories of sustainability indicators and example of measurable properties
  • Concept of sustainability index; The IPAT Equation, Ecological Footprint, Carbon Footprint, Water Footprint
  • Network Level Need Analysis and Priority Programming
  • Decision making framework for asset management
  • Criteria for identifying network level needs; levels of service concept; how to establish
  • Prediction models for monitoring performance of infrastructure; model types, performance trend analysis, survival analysis
  • Analysis of effectiveness of rehabilitation/treatment alternatives; identifying needs and prioritization techniques for short-term and long-term planning
  • Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) Frameworks
  • Introduction to life cycle thinking
  • Concept of life cycle assessment, product, functional unit, reference flow, overview of 3-phases of LCA framework
  • Materials Flow Analysis in Infrastructure Construction Projects; materials reservoir system – input and output flows
  • Efficiencies in mass flow systems; Extraction, Manufacturing, Recovery, Recycling efficiencies
  • Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) Methods
  • Introduction to life cycle cost analysis; benefits of LCCA
  • Steps in LCCA: Establish design alternative, Activity timing, Cost estimation, Life cycle cost, Results Analysis
  • Concepts: Analysis period; Discount rate; Salvage value; Determining of net present value of infrastructure
  • Analysis Methods to LCCA; application of LCCA method in pavement engineering
  • Pavement Management Systems, Models and Strategies
  • Steps in pavement management process; major components of Pavement Management System (PMS); Levels & Framework of PMS
  • A brief discussion on Pavement Condition Data needs, Major characteristics of pavement condition considered in evaluating pavement rehabilitation needs
  • Concepts of Pavement Roughness, Present Serviceability Rating, Pavement Serviceability Index
  • An overview of equipment used for measuring pavement roughness
  • Summary of pavement distresses, distress groups, and their causes; most common measures considered in distress measurement
  • Equation for distress rating and overview of distress evaluation technique; discussion of Pavement Condition Index and PCI Parameters
  • Pavement structural condition evaluation method; pavement safety condition measures and evaluation system
  • Pavement condition prediction model: deterministic and probabilistic approaches; family-based prediction and multi-variate regression approaches
  • A brief overview of pavement rehabilitation program development; various Maintenance and Rehabilitation Techniques
  • Analysis methods for selecting a program of pavement rehabilitation
  • Climate Change and Infrastructure Design and Management
  • Introduction to climate and weather, Impacts of climate change, Causes of climate change – Greenhouse gas (GHG) and their effects
  • Understanding the science of climate change, Concept of Albedo, Estimating average temperature of earth
  • Concept of climate forcings, Concept of global warming potential (GWP)
  • Control of climate change
  • Global Energy Balance and Surface Temperature Model, Climate Change Projections and Impacts
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    Engineering and Sustainability

    Posted Posted in Courses
    Course ID: CIVE 240 (University of Waterloo), Offered in: Spring 2016, Enrollments: 110, Class hours: 3hr/wk Major Topics Introduction to Sustainability 
  • Quantifying sustainability, Sustainability Index, The IPAT Equation, Ecological Footprint, Carbon Footprint, Water Footprint
  • MDGs and SDGs, Earth carrying capacity and population growth; J-shaped (Logistic curve) and S-shaped growth concepts
  • Sustainable design; People-centered design and IDEO’s human-centered design, Triple bottom line
  • Life Cycle Analysis 
  • Life Cycle Thinking, Definition of Product, Functional Unit, Reference Flow
  • Importance of life cycle thinking
  • Life cycle assessment framework
  • LCA Phases: Definition of goal and scope; inventory analysis of data, impact analysis
  • Materials flow analysis techniques
  • Embodied water; Embodied energy
  • Transportation Sustainability
  • A big picture of transportation engineering; historical development of technologies in transportation
  • Emerging technologies for transportation sustainability
  • Transportation infrastructure and sustainability
  • Transportation theories and models – an overview
  • Utility theory and transportation mode choice
  • Urban transportation systems and the impact on environments
  • Built Environment
  • Definition of built environment, Importance of sustainable built environment
  • Concept: Land-use and land cover change, Development, Urban sprawl, Mix-use development
  • Zoning, regulations and importance in sustainable development, Building envelope, Setback, FAR
  • New urbanism, Smart growth, Environmentally sensitive design, Green infrastructure
  • Low impact development, Conservation design, Green building, LEED rating and certificate system
  • Strategies for building energy conservation
  • Climate Change
  • Climate and weather, Impacts of climate change, Causes of climate change – Greenhouse gas and effects
  • Understanding the science of climate change, Albedo, Estimating average temperature of earth
  • Climate forcings, Global warming potential (GWP), Control climate change
  • Sustainable Energy
  • Fundamental of energy, Different energy sources and characteristics, Role of energy on the economy
  • Analysis of local, national and global trends in energy consumption, Technical function of fossil fuel, solar, wind, hydraulic, nuclear, geothermal power systems
  • Mathematical model on sustainable energy
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    Mechanics of Solid Materials – I

    Posted Posted in Courses
    Course ID: Engi 4312, Offered in: Spring, Enrollments: 90, Class hours: 3hr/wk Major Topics Introduction to Mechanics of Materials and Stress
  • Definition of mechanics; Different types of loads/forces; Review of reactions at supports/connections; Equations of forces/moments in equilibrium state
  • Internal loadings in solid materials for an external load, Concept of stress; Average normal stress and average shear stress, Allowable stress design for a solid material
  • Deformation and Strain in Solid Materials
  • Effects of an external force, Concept of deformation and strain, Concept of axial and shear strain
  • Mechanical Properties of Materials
  • The tension tests, the stress-strain diagram, Detail inspection of stress-strain diagram
  • Concept of Modulus of elasticity (Hook’s law), Yielding, Plastic Deformation, Strain Hardening, Necking, Ductile Materials vs.
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    Highway and Pavement Engineering

    Posted Posted in Courses
    Course ID: ENGI 7745 Highway Engineering, Class hours: 3hr/wk Course ID: CIVE 5303 Pavements and Materials, Class hours: 3hr/wk

    Major Topics

    Highway Foundation Materials 
  • Importance of Surface Texture of Sub-grade Materials, Basic Engineering Properties of Sub-grade Materials including Porosity, Void Ratio, Moisture Content, Degree of Saturation, Density of Soil, Atterberg Limits
  • Concept of Permeability, Shear Strength, AASHTO Classification of Soils/USCS, Optimum Moisture Content, Review of Soil Compaction Equipment; Special Soil Tests for Pavement Design; CBR, Hbeem Stabilometer, Aspects of Sub-grade Design in Cold Region (Frost Action), Sub-grade/Soil Stabilization Techniques
  • Asphalt: Asphalt Properties, Mix Designs, Asphalt and Mixture Testing (Classical and SuperPave Tests)
  • Asphaltic Materials; Sources, Types and Usages
  • Fundamental and Engineering Properties of Asphalt: Viscosity/Consistency, Aging and Temperature Susceptibility, Shear Modulus, Phase Angle, Creep Stiffness
  • Asphalt Curing for Cutback and Emulsified Asphalt
  • Review of Classical Tests of Asphalt; Penetration Test (ASTM D5), Ring-and-Ball Softening Point Test (ASTM D36), Ductility Test (ASTM D113), Density Test (ASTM D3289), Flash Point Test, Water Content Test
  • An Overview of Advanced Tests (SuperpaveTM) for Asphalt; RTFOT, PAV, DSR, BBR, Adhesion Test, Surface Free Energy Test
  • Review of Classical Tests of Aggregate Physical Properties; Percentage of Fractured Particles (ASTM D5821), Soundness of Aggregates (ASTM C88), Resistance to Degradation (ASTM C131), Flat and Elongated Particles (ASTM D4791),
  • Asphalt Mixture; Definitions of Hot-Mix Hot Laid, Hot-Mix Cold Laid, Cold Mix Cold Laid Mixtures, Concept of Aggregate Structure Design/Aggregate Gradation
  • Review of Marshal Mix Design Method, Asphalt Mixture Volumetrics; Bulk Specific Gravity, Apparent Specific Gravity, Effective Specific Gravity, Maximum Theoretical Specific Gravity, Effective Asphalt Content, VMA, Va, VFA
  • Various Seal Coating; Fog Seal, Slurry Seal, Chip Seal, Prime Coat, Tack Coat, Surface Treatments
  • An Overview of Superpave Asphalt and Testing System; Asphalt Performance Grading (PG), Superpave Aggregate Testing- Consensus and Source Standards, Superpave Volumetric Mixture Design, Design of Aggregate Structure
  • Flexible and Rigid Pavement: Structural Design 
  • Inspection of Structural Components of Flexible Pavement
  • Factors Affect Pavement Design; Pavement Performance, Traffic, Roadbed Soils, Materials, Environment, Design, Reliability
  • Design of Flexible Pavement using AASHTO Design Method; An Overview of Mechanistic-Empirical Deign Guide (MEPDG) Method
  • Rigid Pavement; Materials, Types of Rigid Pavement, Pumping and Stress in Rigid Pavement
  • An Overview of Rigid Pavement Design using AASTHO Method
  • Highway Drainage Design
  • Concepts/Definitions of Surface Drainage System including Transverse Slope, Longitudinal Slope, Longitudinal Channels, Curbs and Gutters, Review of Minor Drainage Structures, Importance of Subsurface Drainage
  • Types of Subsurface Drainage including Longitudinal, Transverse and Horizontal Drains and Drainage Blanket
  • Transportation Asset Management
  • Definition of Asset Management, Highway Maintenance and Rehabilitation, Approaches to Highway and Pavement Management, Levels of Management
  • Importance of Highway and Pavement Performance Data, Methods of Collecting Pavement Condition Data (Pavement Roughness, Pavement Distress, PCI, Pavement Structural Condition, Skid Resistance, ITS in Pavement Condition Monitoring
  • Models for Pavement Condition Prediction; Deterministic – Family Based and Multiple Regression
  • Different Rehabilitation Techniques and Strategies
  • Highway Geometric Design 
  • Principles of Highway Location, Steps or Process in Highway Location, Methods of Highway Survey, Factors Affect Highway Design, Concepts/Definitions of Highway Functional Classification, Design Hour Volume, Design Speed, Design Vehicle
  • Inspection and Review of Cross-Section Elements of Highway
  • Design of Vertical and Horizonal Alignments and Highway Curves
  • Highway Safety
  • Importance of Highway Safety, Crashes or Accidents, Factors Causes Highway Crashes, Processes of Highway Safety Management
  • Definitions; Crash, Crash Frequency, Crash Rate, Performance Measure, SPF, Prediction Method, Expected Crash Frequency, Crash Severity, EPDO, Crash Evaluation, Countermeasure, Regression to the Mean
  • Review of Crash Type Related to Highway Design and Associated Contributing Factors
  • Review of Safety Effectiveness of Commonly Used Highway Design Features; Access Control, Alignment, Land Width, Median, Shoulder, Passing Lane, Climbing Lane, Rumble Strip, Intersection Sight Distance
  • Safety Effects of Traffic Calming Strategies; Speed Hump, Speed Table, Raised Crosswalk, Raised Intersection, Textured Pavement, Neighborhood Traffic Circle, Roundabout, Chicane, Neckdown, Center-island Narrowing, Choker
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